Effective Treatment Options For Autism

Autism or autism spectrum disorder related to the brain, impacting the way an individual communicates and socializes with others. It causes problems in social interaction too. The term “spectrum” in autism refers to the wide range of symptoms that varies from person to person in its severity.

Autism sets in early childhood, causing hindrance in normal functioning as the person grows up. Children show symptoms of autism within 8 to 12 months. They may appear to develop normally, but suddenly go through a phase of regression between 18 and 24, making the symptoms of autism become obvious.

Symptoms

Some children have difficulty in remembering or memorizing, while some have lower than normal intelligence. Children with normal to high intelligence have the capability to learn quickly, still, at times, they may have trouble communicating and adjusting to their social situations. Thus, each child with autism spectrum disorder has a unique pattern of behavior. According to their level of severity and behavioral pattern, they are prescribed with various treatment options for autism.

Because of the unique symptoms found in each child, the severity of autism can sometimes become difficult to determine.

Causes

Parents of children with autism often inquire as to what causes autism spectrum disorder in babies. No single cause indicates the onset of autism in children. Some of the suspected possibilities that lead to autism include:

  • Having a history of autism in the family
  • Genetic mutations
  • Genetic disorders such as fragile X syndrome
  • Babies being born to older parents
  • Premature deliveries and low birth weight
  • Metabolic imbalance
  • Exposure to environmental toxins
  • Viral infections

 

Treatment 

Treatment options for autism spectrum disorder depend on the symptoms and their severity. Before providing treatment, the individual has to undergo several tests and screening to determine which treatment would be best suited for him/her. The treatment of the individual depends on his individual needs.

The treatment options for autism include different types of therapies to develop behavior and speech. Sometimes, medications are also given to manage any medical conditions such as sleep disturbance and hyperactivity which are related to autism. The treatment depends on the child’s condition and needs, but the goal of the treatment is to diminish his/her symptoms.

Behavior and Communication Treatments

Applied behavior analysis (ABA): Applied behavior analysis is based on the techniques with to improve the individual’s learning skill. This approach improves a wide range of skills that are beneficial in different situations.

Parents can visit: https://www.autismconnect.com/standard-treatments/conventional/applied-behavior-analysis-aba

Occupational therapy. This treatment helps the individual with autism to acquire ‘life skills’ like feeding, tying shoelace, dressing, bathing, and understanding how to communicate and share a pleasant bond with other people. The skills help him to live an independent life. Parents can visit: https://www.autismconnect.com/standard-treatments/conventional/occupational-therapy

Sensory integration therapy: If the individual gets easily upset by things like loud sound, bright lights, or hate being touched, then this therapy helps him adapt and deal with his/her sensory issues. Parents can visit: https://www.autismconnect.com/standard-treatments/conventional/sensory-integration-therapy

Medical management

There is no complete cure for autism spectrum disorder with medication. But some prescriptions provided by doctors can help in treating symptoms like depression,  insomnia, and seizure. Parents can visit: https://www.autismconnect.com/standard-treatments/conventional/medical-management

To know more about what causes autism spectrum disorder in children: https://www.autismconnect.com/what-causes-autism

Author: autismconnectassociation

Autism Connect is a voluntary group based in Mumbai, India formed by parents and professional care-takers of children on the autism spectrum. Parenting and caring for a child with autism is a special responsibility in itself. There are doubts, questions and uncertainties in our minds. At Autism Connect, we endeavor to collect literature on evidence based practices (with special emphasis on newer emerging therapies) in the management of autism and share it with autism associations and organizations across the world with the hope that these associations disseminate and distribute this to their members and parents of children with autism.

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